Caring for your skin goes beyond seasonal concerns – it’s a year-round commitment that stems from a genuine desire to nurture your wellbeing. In the UK, the sun may feel most intense and potentially harmful between March and October, but it’s essential to recognise that its influence persists even during the winter months.
How does sun damage the skin?
Sunlight is a blend of visible ultraviolet (UV) and infrared light. Among these, UV light, comprising UVA and UVB rays, has the most significant impact on our skin.
UVB rays, responsible for tanning and sunburn, prompt us to safeguard our skin effectively. On the other hand, UVA rays are linked to the accelerated aging of the skin, manifesting in reduced firmness, elasticity, and the emergence of fine lines and wrinkles.
To truly grasp the effects of sunlight on our skin, let’s delve into the skin’s composition. The epidermis, our outer layer, acts as a protective barrier, with keratinocytes and melanocytes playing crucial roles. These cells, affected by UVB rays, contribute to the tan we get after soaking up the sun.
Beneath the epidermis lies the dermis, a thicker layer supporting the epidermis and providing firmness and elasticity. Fibroblasts, the major cell type in the dermis, synthesise collagen and elastin, essential for skin strength and elasticity.
While UVB rays penetrate the epidermis, UVA rays reach deep into the dermis, impairing fibroblast function and causing collagen and elastin breakdown. This results in photoaging, characterised by saggy skin, fine lines, and wrinkles.
UVA rays also generate Reactive Oxygen Species, leading to oxidative damage and the production of free radicals linked to aging. To counter this, skincare products with antioxidants, along with antioxidant supplements, play a crucial role.
Long-term exposure to UVA light contributes significantly to visible skin aging. To prevent premature aging and burning, it’s vital to protect the skin from both UVA and UVB rays using broad-spectrum products.
How can it be prevented?
Now, let’s talk about prevention. To combat the effects of photoaging, use moisturisers with broad-spectrum protection and an SPF of at least 25 daily. For better protection, incorporate a dedicated SPF 50 product into your daily routine, even during winter.
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As we conclude our exploration of sun damage, let’s emphasise the vital role of proactive care during the colder months. Though winter sun may be less intense, its impact on our skin remains significant. Tailoring our skincare routines to protect every layer, from the epidermis to the dermis, is essential. This includes the use of broad-spectrum products and daily moisturisers with SPF, complemented by elénzia SKIN™ for internal fortification. By adopting this holistic approach, we can help our skin to remain resilient, radiant, and youthful throughout the winter season.
Here’s to embracing self care and protection, welcoming each day with a healthy and glowing complexion, regardless of the weather outside.